Global Hunger Index 2012 and India’s position

“Given that the government of India has failed to monitor national trends in child undernutrition for more than six years, any recent progress in the fight against child undernutrition cannot be taken into account by the 2012 Global Hunger Index,” the International Food Policy Research Institute said in its report released on Thursday.The 2012 GHI report focuses particularly on the issue of how to ensure sustainable food security under conditions of water, land, and energy stress. Demographic changes, rising incomes and associated consumption patterns, and climate change, alongside persistent poverty and inadequate policies and institutions, are all placing serious pressure on natural resources.IFPRI that calculated the global hunger Index analysed the measures based upon multidimensional angles. The published report have shown a proportional growth in hunger reduction of people worldwide but recorded the progress speed was tragically slow and alarming.

As per the report, India instead of its fast paced economic growth in past two decades has lagged behind in improving its record in Global Hunger Index chart. In the list of 79 countries in the global Hunger Index, India was ranked 65th behind China that was placed at 2nd place position, Pakistan at 57th and Sri Lanka at 37th position.

The country’s hunger index value has improved from 24.2 in 1990 to 23.5 in 2011 and 22.9 in 2012, but it still remains among countries with an “alarming” level of hunger. All other countries in the BRICS (Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa) grouping have performed better than India in dealing with hunger, with Brazil and Russia having a “low” hunger index and China and South Africa placed among those with “moderate” hunger.
Further, India ranks below neighbours Sri Lanka, Pakistan and Nepal. These relative rankings have remained unchanged since last year’s GHI report.

India, ranked 65th among 79 countries, alongside Bangladesh and Timor-Leste, which are ranked 68th and 73rd, respectively, as countries with a high proportion of underweight children.

From the 2012 Global Hunger Index:

“One outcome of the scarcity and degradation of farmland is the growing number of deals giving land-scarce or resource-demanding countries access to farmland in land-abundant countries. …. the majority of international land deals to date have occurred in those countries that experience higher levels of hunger and where the population and national incomes depend heavily on agriculture. …

“Research to date reveals high social and environmental risks of such investments, while the promised benefits often fail to materialize … Both anecdotal and emerging case study evidence has shown that local and national land rights systems in most of these countries remain weak; as a result, local communities that once used some of the land acquired by foreign governments and companies have lost their traditional or customary rights.”

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