Overview on Aichi Biodiversity Targets and its Importance

The tenth meeting of the Conference of the Parties, held from 18 to 29 October 2010, in Nagoya, Aichi Prefecture, Japan, adopted a revised and updated Strategic Plan for Biodiversity, including the Aichi Biodiversity Targets, for the 2011-2020 period. This new plan was for the overarching framework on biodiversity, not only for the biodiversity-related conventions, but for the entire United Nations system. The tenth meeting of the Conference of the Parties agreed to translate this overarching international framework into national biodiversity strategies and action plans within two years. Additionally in the meeting they decided that the fifth national reports, due by 31 March 2014, should focus on the implementation of the 2011-2020 Strategic Plan and progress achieved towards the Aichi Biodiversity Targets.

There are some 20 targets agreed by the 193 signatories to the Convention for Biological Diversity(CBD) in COP10.

Some strategic goals were defined:

Strategic Goal A: Address the underlying causes of biodiversity loss by mainstreaming biodiversity across government and society
Strategic Goal B: Reduce the direct pressures on biodiversity and promote sustainable use
Strategic Goal C: To improve the status of biodiversity by safeguarding ecosystems, species and genetic diversity
Strategic Goal D: Enhance the benefits to all from biodiversity and ecosystem services Strategic Goal E: Enhance implementation through participatory planning, knowledge management and capacity building

Some examples of the Aichi Biodiversity Targets are:

  • At least halve and, where feasible, bring close to zero the rate of loss of natural habitats, including forests
  • Establish a conservation target of 17% of terrestrial and inland water areas and 10% of marine and coastal areas
  • Restore at least 15% of degraded areas through conservation and restoration activities
  • Make special efforts to reduce the pressures faced by coral reefs

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