Six of India’s biggest cities figure in a list of top 25 cities exposed to risks of environmental disaster, according to Maplecroft’s Climate Change Vulnerability Index (CCVI). Maplecroft is a British consultancy firm specializing in risk assessment. Dhaka, Bangladesh, (ranked 1st), Manila, the Philippines (2), Bangkok, Thailand (3), Yangon, Myanmar (4), Jakarta, Indonesia (5), Ho Chi Minh City, Viet Nam (6) and Kolkata, India (7) emerged as the most at risk from the changing temperatures and weather systems that are forecast to take hold in the coming years. According to Maplecroft, population growth in these cities combines with poor government effectiveness, corruption, poverty and other socio-economic factors to increase the risks to residents and business.
Many of the countries with the fastest population growth are rated as ‘extreme risk’ in the CCVI, including the strategically important emerging economies of Bangladesh (2nd), the Philippines (10th), Viet Nam (23th), Indonesia (27th) and India (28th). According to report with strong economic growth of above 5% forecast for countries such as the Philippines, Viet Nam, Indonesia and India in the next few years, the relevance of climate change to populations and business in the major commercial centres should not be underplayed. Clearly public awareness about climate change is not necessarily translating into action and Governments are being dominated by short-term objectives instead of nice moves for reducing climate change impacts. The expansion of population must be met with an equal expansion of infrastructure and civic amenities. Even resources are available for improvement, But what is lacking is competency and sincerity. Stricter building laws, proper urban planning, disaster risk reduction mechanisms & contingency plans for restoring transport and amenities is required urgently. We hope these type of reports will act as an eye opener for government and we will see some real actions happening over there.