“The world is barrelling down a path to heat up by 4 degrees at the end of the century if the global community fails to act on climate change” this is said by a latest report prepared for the World Bank by the Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research (PIK) and Climate Analytics. According to the report all regions of the world would suffer – some more than others – but the report finds that the poor will suffer the most. Prepared by the Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research (PIK) and Climate Analytics, situated in Germany ”Turn Down the Heat” provides a latest review of the latest climate science.
The report however also notes that with sustained policy formulation and action warming can be controlled below 2 degree Celsius.
- According to findings of report now in future years heat waves that earlier were occurring once or twice in 100 years will be experienced during many summer and in many regions. Increases of 6° C or more in average monthly summer temperatures would be expected in many areas of the world.
- Sea level-rise by 0.5 to 1 meter by 2100 is likely, with higher levels also possible. Some of the most highly vulnerable cities are located in Mozambique, Madagascar, Mexico, Venezuela, India, Bangladesh, Indonesia, the Philippines and Vietnam.(Given on Page no. 16)
- The report specially indicates the effect of rising temperature on Wheat Crop in North India and the effect of climate on monsoon.(Page no. 37)
- Report indicated regions in the tropics, sub-tropics and towards the poles as most vulnerable.
- Agriculture, water resources, human health, biodiversity and ecosystem services are likely to be severely impacted. This could lead to large-scale displacement of populations and consequences for human security and economic and trade systems.
- Many small islands may not be able to sustain their populations.