India has moved from 65 to 63 in the Global Hunger Index prepared by the International Food Policy Research Institute, Welthungerhilfe and Concern Worldwide. According to the Index India is making a marginal improvement since 2012, but continues to languish far behind other emerging economies. The score for the country improved slightly from 22.9 in 2012 to 21.3 this year. As has been the trend, within SAARC countries too, India continued to trail behind Pakistan and Bangladesh on the index.
The report revealed that India is one of the three countries outside Sub-saharan Africa to fall in ‘alarming level’ category. The other two are Haiti and Timor-Leste.
The 2013 Global Hunger Index (GHI) has fallen by 34 per cent from the 1990 score, but South Asia has the highest regional score of 20.7, followed by Africa (south of the Sahara) while Burundi, Eritrea and Comoros have the highest levels of hunger, says the report.
Among the countries that achieved noteworthy progress in improving their GHI scores are Bangladesh, Cambodia, Thailand and Vietnam, with decreases in their scores ranging between 15 and 23 points.
The index identified hunger levels and hot spots across 120 developing countries and countries in transition, and ranked countries on three equally weighted indicators – the proportion of undernourished people, the proportion of underweight children under five, and the mortality rate of children under five.