By: Dr. Sultan Ahmad (Author is former Professor, Chittagong University and East West University, Bangladesh)
The most outstanding example of non-religious ideologies and also (atheism) is Communism popularly known as Marxism-Leninism or Marxism-Maoism. The philosophy of Communism has been derived from Karl Marx (1818-1883) who developed his ideas and embodied them in his book “Das Kapital”. The communists consider him an edifice of infallibility and they worship him as a deity of their ideology. Communism was derived from the word commune which implies equal distribution of wealth to all members of the society, irrespective of the level of responsibility or work input of each member.
Karl Marx was born in a Jewish family on May 5,1818. His lawyer father practiced the ritual of Protestant Christianity faithfully whereas his ancestors had a rabbinical career for many centuries. Marx, as a young man, became the Editor of the Rheinische Zeitung and wrote passionately about freedom of speech and the press. The tone of his ideas was liberal and compassionate until the theft of wood case about which he wrote and which formed the basis of his thinking. In late 1843, he moved to Paris and the following year he wrote essays in which he attacked the Jews as alienated, cut off and punished for their addiction to bourgeois vices.
During 1845, while in Brussels, he selected 17 individuals including his wife, and formed the first Communist League. With this group, he started dreaming about communist revolution in Germany, France, England, and the US. He reached this dissertation, based on fraud and horrible in intention, on May 11, 1846, when the communists came to power by promising land to the peasants – promises which they never fulfilled because once in power, they immediately proceeded to seize private property and established the proletariat State. Marx’s very close friend Karl Peter Heinzen while writing to the dedication of his book “The Heroes of German Communism” remarked Marx as an intriguer, am annihilator and a man without compassion for the people he misled. Karl Marks’ impetuosity and habit of leaping upon his prey had become a routine feature of his character. By 1847, Mark wrote numerous article in Deutsche-Brusseler-Zeittung, a news paper for German immigrants in Brussels. In one of them, he bitterly attacked “the social principles of Christianity”, stating that for 1800 years Christianity had encouraged cowardice, humility, and humiliation and that such virtues were totally foreign to the proletariat which regarded pride, courage, and independence as daily bread. He also accused the Judaic-Christian faith as immoral and an instrument for capitalists to enslave the working class. He proclaimed atheism as fundamental to communist revolution.
The Second Congress of the Communist League entrusted Marx with writing the Communist Manifesto. This document was long lasting and of great influence in shaping the Communist movement. Das Kapital was published on September 14, 1867, and became the basic gospel of Communists around the world. The book was more of an autobiographical work emphasizing the inadequacies of the author. He blamed the bourgeois for his own miseries and deprivation. He led a treacherously poverty- stricken life without any permanent domicile and ended up as an extremely violent-tempered man. His personal hatred for the capitalist dominated world occupied his mind all his life. To achieve happiness and satisfaction, he would advocate the destruction of the system by violence, in order to enjoy power, but without realizing his limit of his Communistic fantasies. His alluded thoughts became the manifesto of Russian revolutionaries called Decembrists. Karl Marx and his Community Legion could not import Communism into Europe, after the Czar’s forces had crushed a demonstration by the revolutionaries. Lenin worked out his own version of Marxist philosophy between 1897 and 1900 while serving a sentence of Siberian exile because of agitating the workers.
Lenin developed his own political system based on Marxist dogmas and formed a Bolshevik party with 22 individuals that included his wife and sister. Another man who was his comrade in the communist revolution was Trotsky who was the son of a Jewish farmer and had been in Czar’s jail where he developed and confirmed his Marxist philosophy. Based on the fundamental creed of violence that Karl Marx had expounded, Lenin baptized the revolution with blood and extreme violence against the anti-Bolshevik and counter revolutionaries. He executed and purged all his opponents within the party just like his guru had done. Coldly and mercilessly, as Chairman of the Bolshevik Party, he headed the new communist government with a strong politbureau of proletariats and fulfilled the prophecy of Marx.
After Lenin’s death in 1924, Stalin consolidated his power. Religions and all religious practices were abolished in order to have a purified atheism for the service of the State. Stalin, after assuming power, punished the elite of the October Red Revolution including Trotsky, Zinoviev, Kamenev followed by Lashevich, Smilga and other Bolshevik veterans for which he described as “pretty bourgeois deviation”. He eliminated all opposition and physically wiped out the dissidents.
The promises of the Bolshevik Revolution and the methods its leaders employed in the Soviet Communist State Included use of brutal force and criminal methods as means of procuring funds for the party purposes authorized by Lenin; bourgeois must be hated internationally; elimination and extermination of all opposition. Under those practices, Stalin succeeded in having 1108 out of 1966 members of the Communist Congress executed between 1936 and 1938. Most of the victims were high officials of the party, or the army, or the Government apparatus. Hundreds and thousands of innocent people were brutally exterminated during the whole period of Communist Rule.
Although World War II was a setback for Stalin’s Russia, the allied victory brought her glory, and consolidation of Communism. Many countries of Europe were annexed as surrogates of International Communism. Hundreds and thousands of civilians paid the price with their lives because they resisted Communist rule. It is ironical that misled human soul like Marx who fought so passionately for the wood theft case for justice and freedom, have succumbed to the doctrines that to this day reflect utter darkness in human civilization. Extreme brutality and denial of human rights has become the icon of the whole Communist movement to consolidate power.
The birth place of Communism Germany, the brought up place Russia has already discarded the utopian rhetoric of Communism. What next?