India’s Ballistic Missile Defence System

 

India successfully test-fired new interceptor missile capable of neutralising any incoming long-range missile at higher altitude. The interceptor, positioned at launch pad-IV of Integrated Test Range at Wheeler Island, about 100 km from Balasore in Odisha.

It was announced recently, in India, that the cities of Mumbai & New Delhi, too would soon be brought under a protective Ballistic Missile Defence [BMD] umbrella. India’s indigenous BMD shield is pivoted around two interceptor missiles – the Prithvi Air Defence [P.A.D] missile for Exoatmospheric interception & the Advanced Air Defence [A.A.D] missile for Endoatmospheric interception of incoming missiles. In due course of time, more cities of India would be progressively brought under such a protective umbrella, with further improvements being made in the system itself, also.

bmd1

                                             Working of India’s Anti Ballistic Missile System

 

NATO has initiated its plans to bring all member countries under a Ballistic Missile Defence shield. Titled, ‘European Phased Adaptive Approach [E.P.A.A.]‘, the plan envisages bringing Europe under a protective cover in stages, extending beyond 2020. Interdiction would be performed by the American RIM-161 Standard Missile 3 [SM-3] system, with tracking & guidance provided by multiple satellites & earth-based radars. While presently located on-board ship-based systems, plans are afoot to deploy onshore versions of this hit-to-kill, non-explosive Kinetic Energy based missile.

To understand the complete mechanism this illustration, below, depicts deployment plans & functioning of the shield against the threat of an incoming missile.

NATO shield in europe

                                                                   (source Chicago Tribune)

 

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